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Section 19 - The Nucleus and Nuclear Chemistry

The Nucleus and Nuclear Chemistry - Section 19 of General Chemistry Notes is 18 pages in length (page 19-1 through page 19-18) and covers ALL you'll need to know on the following lecture/textbook topics:

SECTION 19 - The Nucleus and Nuclear Chemistry

19-1 -- The Nucleus
  · Protons and Neutrons
  · The Relative Size and Density of the Nucleus
  · The Energies Associated with Nuclear Reactions
19-2 -- Some Nuclear Definitions
  · Nucleons
  · Atomic Number (Z) and Mass Number (A)
  · Isotopes and Nuclides
19-2 -- Nuclear Stability and Radioactive Decay
  · A Typical Radioactive Decay Process
19-3 -- Types of Radioactive Decay Reactions
  · Alpha-Particle Production
  · Spontaneous Fission
  · Beta-Particle Production
  · Gamma Ray Production (photons)
  · Electron Capture
  · Positron Production
19-5 -- Writing and Balancing Nuclear Reactions
19-5 -- Radioactive Decay Series
19-6 -- Half-Life (t½)
  · Half-lives of Radioactive Nuclides
  · First-Order Decay Processes
19-6 -- Detection of Radioactivity
  · The Geiger Counter and Ar+(g) Detection
19-7 -- Carbon-14 Dating
  · Radioactive Decay and First-Order Kinetics
19-10 -- Nuclear Fission
  · Uranium-235
  · Self-Sustaining Chain Reactions (subcritical, supercritical, and critical reactions)
  · Critical State and “Critical Mass”
19-12 -- Nuclear Fusion
  · Fusion Reactions in the Sun and in Stars
  · Fusion of Protons (H+) to Form Helium (He)
19-13 -- Stability of the Nucleus
19-13 -- Mass Defect
  · Calculating Nuclear Binding Energy from Mass Defect
19-15 -- Thermodynamic Stability of the Nucleus
  · Units: “J/nucleon” vs. “MeV/nucleon”
  · Binding Energy Problems where Electron Mass Must be Taken into Account

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