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Section 9 - Alkyl Halides (R-X)

The Chemistry of Alkyl Halides - Section 9 of Organic Chemistry Notes is 10 pages in length (page 9-1 through page 9-10) and covers ALL you'll need to know on the following lecture/book topics:


SECTION 9 – Alkyl Halides ( R-X)


9-1 -- Preparation of Alkyl Halides from Alkanes
  · Chlorination Reaction (Cl2) - Unselective
  · Bromination Reaction (Br2) – Much More Selective
9-1 -- Why is Bromination Easier to Control than Chlorination?
  · Radical Stabilization
  · Thermochemistry of Bromination and Chlorination Reactions
  · Analysis of Transition States
9-4 -- Allylic Hydrogens
  · Resonance-Stabilization of the Allylic Radical
  · Allylic Bromination and the Use of NBR
  · Reactants that Produce 2 Types of Allylic Radicals
9-6 -- Benzylic Hydrogens
  · Low Bond Dissociation Energy (BDE)
  · Most Favorable Resonance Structure Preserves the Aromatic Ring
  · Benzyl Radicals
9-7 -- Preparation of Alkyl Halides from Alcohols
  · Via the Addition of HX
  · Via the Use of Thionyl Chloride (SOCl2) in Pyridine Solvent
  · Via the Use of Phosphorus Tribromide (PBr3)
9-8 -- Organometallic Compounds
  · Carbon-Metal Bonds (Organometallics)
  · Carbanions
  · Grignard Reagents
  · Organolithium Reagents (the Alkyllithium Reagent)
  · Organocopper Reagents (the Lithium Dialkyl Copper Reagent)
9-10 -- Various Ways to Form New C-C Bonds
  · Formation of New C-C Single Bonds (σ-bonds)

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